National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.
Institute of Human Virology, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Maryland, Baltimore.
Critical Care Medicine Department, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland.
Hepatitis C clearance with directly acting antivirals (DAAs) may be associated with acute decreases in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). We prospectively evaluated 251 chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected subjects (31% human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] positive) pre- and post-DAA therapy (median follow-up 28 months). Changes in HbA1c and glucose were minimal and did not differ by sustained virologic response (SVR), HIV, diabetes, or fibrosis. Following SVR, mean change in HbA1c was -0.022 ± 0.53%; however, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased significantly. Subjects with HIV had smaller transaminase reductions after SVR. Sustained benefits in glycemia were not identified following HCV clearance irrespective of HIV, diabetes, or fibrosis stage, whereas lipid alterations may warrant further investigation.