1Southern California Permanente Medical Group, 100 S. Los Robles Ave., 2nd Fl., Pasadena, CA 91101-2453. Craig.T.Cheetham@kp.org.
Achievement of sustained virologic response (SVR) and factors associated with treatment failure in hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 have been described in tertiary and referral care settings, with rates of SVR reported to range between 72% and 89%. Fewer data exist on SVR outside of these settings.
To describe rates of SVR and characterize factors associated with achievement of SVR within an integrated health care delivery system.
A retrospective cohort study of genotype 3 HCV patients treated with dual therapy (pegylated interferon-alpha plus ribavirin) was conducted at Kaiser Permanente Southern California. Adult patients diagnosed with HCV and testing positive for HCV-RNA genotype 3 were identified from electronic medical records. Data were collected on patient demographics, baseline health status, and comorbid conditions. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to determine the association between baseline patient factors and SVR.
A total of 484 HCV genotype 3 patients met the eligibility criteria. The median age was 49 years, and 65.7% were male. Overall, 252 (52.1%) achieved SVR. Aged ≥ 45 years and male gender were associated with lower rates of SVR; cirrhosis and chronic diseases (diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) were also associated with lower rates of SVR.
SVR was lower in patients within an integrated care delivery system than in those in tertiary and referral centers. Males and older patients had lower rates of SVR, as well as patients with cirrhosis, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.