Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1600 6th Avenue South, CHB 308, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1600 6th Avenue South, CHB 308, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA.
This article focuses on the clinically relevant approved antiviral medications available for the treatment of infants and children. A brief overview of drug categories, mechanism of action, resistance, pharmacokinetics, and side effects is provided for the more commonly prescribed antivirals. The patient categories addressed are treatment and prophylaxis of influenza, neonatal herpes simplex virus and congenital cytomegalovirus, treatment and prophylaxis of viral disease in the immunocompromised host, and a brief introduction to the antivirals available to treat hepatitis B and hepatitis C in children.