Reuters Health Information (2006-06-15): HCV co-infection decreases survival in HIV infected children
HCV co-infection decreases survival in HIV infected children
Last Updated: 2006-06-15 11:11:02 -0400 (Reuters Health)
DELHI (Reuters Health) - Co-infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) hastens the progression of HIV infection in children with thalassemia, researchers from India report.
Dr. Swami Onkar Shivraj from the University of Delhi and colleagues followed the clinical progress of 48 HIV-1 positive, hepatitis B-negative multi-transfused thalassemic children from 1996 onwards. Twenty-five children were HCV positive while the remaining were free from co-infection. None received antiretroviral treatment during the study period up to 2004.
HCV co-infected children had a two-times higher risk than HCV-seronegative children of developing AIDS and dying due to AIDS, Dr. Shivraj and colleagues report in the June issue of the Journal of Tropical Pediatrics.
Specifically, the time taken to develop AIDS was significantly shorter at 87 months in the HCV-positive children as compared to 105 months in the HCV-negative group, they add.
Mean survival from the times of diagnosis was 93 months for the HCV co-infected children as compared to 105 months in the HCV-negative group, the researchers report.
"HCV infection may be an important contributor to the rapid disease progression and increase in mortality in HCV-HIV-1 coinfected children with thalassemia major," Dr. Shivraj and colleagues conclude.
J Trop Pediatr 2006;52: 206-211.