CLDF Title
Home | Contact Us | Bookmark
HBV HE HCC HCV
About CLDF Centers of Educational Expertise  
CME Dinner Meetings Webcasts Slide Library Abstract Library Conference Highlights
 
Back  
 
Reuters Health Information (2004-11-11): HIV and HCV infection rates higher than expected in London drug users

Epidemiology

HIV and HCV infection rates higher than expected in London drug users

Last Updated: 2004-11-11 19:01:03 -0400 (Reuters Health)

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Due possibly to harm reduction strategies implemented in the late 1980s, England had some of the lowest rates of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among injecting drug users (IDUs) during the 1990s. Now, new research suggests that these historically low rates have disappeared.

As reported in the November 11th online issue of the British Medical Journal, Dr. Ali Judd, from Imperial College London, and colleagues evaluated the prevalence of HIV and HCV infection among IDUs in 2001 by surveying and testing blood samples from 428 subjects. The subjects were younger than 30 years, had been injecting drugs for no more than 6 years, and had come mainly from London.

The prevalence of HCV and HIV infection at baseline was 43.7% and 4.2%, respectively. During 1-year follow-up, 53 patients became infected with HCV and 9 with HIV, yielding incidence rates of 41.8 and 3.4 cases per 100 person years, respectively.

The results suggest that rates of HCV and HIV infection are increasing among IDUs in England, the researchers note.

"Possible explanations for the rising incidence include changes in patterns of injecting drug use, with greater injection of crack and injecting risk behavior in newer IDUs than in those injecting in the early to mid-1990s," the authors state.

"Innovative strategies are required, specific to hepatitis C virus and to HIV, to change behavior and to deliver health education messages and harm reduction strategies early enough to make a difference," they add.

BMJ 2004.

 
 
 
 
                 
 
HBV
Webcasts
Slide Library
Abstract Library
 
HE
CME Dinner Meeting
Webcasts
Slide Library
Abstract Library
 
HCC
Slide Library
Abstract Library
 
 
HCV
Webcasts
Slide Library
Abstract Library
 
CLDF Follow Us
   
 
About CLDF
Mission Statement
Board of Trustees
Board of Advisors
CLDF Supporters
 
Other Resources
Liver News Library
Journal Abstracts
Hep C Link to Care
 
Centers of
Educational Expertise
Regional Map
     
   
  The Chronic Liver Disease Foundation is a non-profit organization with content developed specifically for healthcare professionals.
© Copyright 2012-2014 Chronic Liver Disease Foundation. All rights reserved. This site is maintained as an educational resource for US healthcare providers only.
Use of this Web site is governed by the Chronic Liver Disease Foundation terms of use and privacy statement.