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The summaries are free for public use. The Chronic Liver Disease Foundation will continue to add and archive summaries of articles deemed relevant to CLDF by the Board of Trustees and its Advisors.
  1. Diabetes as a risk factor for hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhosis patients
    Jepsen P1, Watson H2, Andersen PK3, Vilstrup H4. J Hepatol. 2015 Jul 20. pii: S0168-8278(15)00470-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2015.07.007. [Epub ahead of print]


  2. New Methods of Testing and Brain Imaging in Hepatic Encephalopathy: A Review
    Edula RG1, Pyrsopoulos NT2. Clin Liver Dis. 2015 Aug;19(3):449-59. doi: 10.1016/j.cld.2015.04.001. Epub 2015 May 23.


  3. Varices and Variceal Hemorrhage in Cirrhosis. A new view of an old problem
    Garcia-Tsao G1, Bosch J2. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015 Jul 17. pii: S1542-3565(15)00970-2. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2015.07.012. [Epub ahead of print]


  4. The Clinical Relevance of Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy - A Critical Look
    Weissenborn K1. Dig Dis. 2015;33(4):555-61. doi: 10.1159/000375348. Epub 2015 Jul 6.


  5. Diagnosis of minimal hepatic encephalopathy
    Weissenborn K1. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2015 Mar;5(Suppl 1):S54-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jceh.2014.06.005. Epub 2014 Jul 31.


  6. Hepatic encephalopathy and sleepiness: an interesting connection?
    Montagnese S1, Turco M1, Amodio P1. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2015 Mar;5(Suppl 1):S49-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jceh.2014.06.006. Epub 2014 Jun 29.


  7. Clinical neurophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy
    Amodio P1, Montagnese S1. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2015 Mar;5(Suppl 1):S60-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jceh.2014.06.007. Epub 2014 Aug 3.


  8. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy impairs quality of life
    Agrawal S1, Umapathy S1, Dhiman RK1. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2015 Mar;5(Suppl 1):S42-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jceh.2014.11.006. Epub 2014 Dec 4.


  9. Detecting minimal hepatic encephalopathy in an endemic country for hepatitis B: the role of psychometrics and serum IL-6
    Tsai CF1, Chu CJ2, Huang YH2, Wang YP3, Liu PY4, Lin HC2, Lee FY2, Lu CL3. PLoS One. 2015 Jun 3;10(6):e0128437. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0128437. eCollection 2015.


  10. Anxiety and depression symptoms in hepatic encephalopathy: are they psychiatric or organic?
    Telles-Correia D1, João Freire M2, Mega I3, Barreiras D4, Cortez Pinto H2. Transplant Proc. 2015 May;47(4):1005-7. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2015.03.011.


  11. The confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit in patients with cirrhosis
    Orman ES1, Perkins A, Ghabril M, Khan BA, Chalasani N, Boustani MA. Metab Brain Dis. 2015 May 7. [Epub ahead of print]


  12. Cognitive dysfunction and hepatitis C virus infection
    Solinas A1, Piras MR1, Deplano A1. World J Hepatol. 2015 May 8;7(7):922-5. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v7.i7.922.


  13. The etiology of cirrhosis is a strong determinant of brain reserve: A multi-modal MR imaging study
    Ahluwalia V1, Wade JB, Moeller FG, White MB, Unser AB, Gavis EA, Sterling RK, Stravitz RT, Sanyal AJ, Siddiqui MS, Puri P, Luketic V, Heuman DM, Fuchs M, Matherly S, Bajaj JS. Liver Transpl


  14. Effects of SIBO and rifaximin therapy on MHE caused by hepatic cirrhosis
    Zhang Y1, Feng Y1, Cao B2, Tian Q1. Int J Clin Exp Med. 2015 Feb 15;8(2):2954-7. eCollection 2015.


  15. Covert hepatic encephalopathy: does the mini-mental state examination help?
    Corrias M1, Turco M1, Rui MD1, Gatta A1, Angeli P1, Merkel C1, Amodio P1, Schiff S1, Montagnese S1. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2014 Jun;4(2):89-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jceh.2013.12.005. Epub 2014 Jan 24.


  16. Presentation and complications associated with cirrhosis of the liver
    Poordad FF1. Curr Med Res Opin. 2015 May;31(5):925-37. doi: 10.1185/03007995.2015.1021905.


  17. Branched-chain amino acids for people with hepatic encephalopathy
    Gluud LL1, Dam G, Les I, Córdoba J, Marchesini G, Borre M, Aagaard NK, Vilstrup H. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Feb 25;2:CD001939. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001939.pub2.


  18. Impact of Physician Specialty on Quality Care for Patients Hospitalized with Decompensated Cirrhosis
    Lim N1, Lidofsky SD1. PLoS One. 2015 Apr 2;10(4):e0123490. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0123490.


  19. Management of patients with decompensated cirrhosis
    Harrison PM1. Clin Med. 2015 Apr;15(2):201-3. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.15-2-201.


  20. Salivary Microbiota Reflects Changes in Gut Microbiota in Cirrhosis with Hepatic Encephalopathy
    Bajaj JS1, Betrapally NS, Hylemon PB, Heuman DM, Daita K, White MB, Unser A, Thacker LR, Sanyal AJ, Kang DJ, Sikaroodi M, Gillevet PM. Hepatology. 2015 Mar 29. doi: 10.1002/hep.27819. [Epub ahead of print]


  21. Psychoactive Medications Increase the Risk of Falls and Fall-Related Injuries in Hospitalized Patients with Cirrhosis
    Tapper EB1, Risech-Neyman Y2, Sengupta N3. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015 Mar 25. pii: S1542-3565(15)00305-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2015.03.019. [Epub ahead of print]


  22. Interferon gamma, interleukin-6, and -17a levels were correlated with minimal hepatic encephalopathy in HBV patients
    Li W1, Li N, Wang R, Li Q, Wu H. Hepatol Int. 2015 Mar 21. [Epub ahead of print]


  23. Nutrition in the management of cirrhosis and its neurological complications
    Bémeur C1, Butterworth RF2. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2014 Jun;4(2):141-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jceh.2013.05.008. Epub 2013 Jun 11.


  24. Covert hepatic encephalopathy: does the mini-mental state examination help?
    Corrias M1, Turco M1, Rui MD1, Gatta A1, Angeli P1, Merkel C1, Amodio P1, Schiff S1, Montagnese S1. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2014 Jun;4(2):89-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jceh.2013.12.005. Epub 2014 Jan 24.


  25. Chronic hepatitis C virus infection and neurological and psychiatric disorders: An overview
    Adinolfi LE1, Nevola R1, Lus G1, Restivo L1, Guerrera B1, Romano C1, Zampino R1, Rinaldi L1, Sellitto A1, Giordano M1, Marrone A1. World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Feb 28;21(8):2269-2280.


  26. Presentation and complications associated with cirrhosis of the liver
    Poordad FF1. Curr Med Res Opin. 2015 Feb 20:1-27. [Epub ahead of print]


  27. Branched-chain amino acids for people with hepatic encephalopathy
    Gluud LL1, Dam G, Les I, Córdoba J, Marchesini G, Borre M, Aagaard NK, Vilstrup H. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Feb 25;2:CD001939. [Epub ahead of print]


  28. Systematic review with network meta-analysis: the comparative effectiveness and safety of interventions in patients with overt hepatic encephalopathy
    Zhu GQ1, Shi KQ, Huang S, Wang LR, Lin YQ, Huang GQ, Chen YP, Braddock M, Zheng MH. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2015 Feb 13. doi: 10.1111/apt.13122. [Epub ahead of print]


  29. Hyponatremia influences the outcome of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure: an analysis of the CANONIC study
    Cárdenas A, Solà E, Rodríguez E, Barreto R, Graupera I, Pavesi M, Saliba F, Welzel T, Martinez-Gonzalez J, Gustot T, Bernardi M, Arroyo V, Ginès P; CANONIC study investigators of the EASL-CLIF Consortium. Crit Care. 2014 Dec 13;18(6):700. [Epub ahead of print]


  30. Patients with manifest hepatic encephalopathy can reveal impaired thermal perception
    Brenner M1, Butz M, May ES, Kahlbrock N, Kircheis G, Häussinger D, Schnitzler A. Acta Neurol Scand. 2015 Jan 28. doi: 10.1111/ane.12376. [Epub ahead of print]


  31. Protein restriction in hepatic encephalopathy is appropriate for selected patients: a point of view
    Nguyen DL1, Morgan T1. Hepatol Int. 2014 Sep 1;8(2):447-451.


  32. The mind and liver test: a new approach to the diagnosis of minimal hepatic encephalopathy in resource-poor settings
    Das S1, Ali SM1, Seward J2, Venkataraman J3. Int J Hepatol. 2014;2014:475021. doi: 10.1155/2014/475021. Epub 2014 Dec 8.


  33. PET and MR imaging of neuroinflammation in hepatic encephalopathy
    Su YY1, Yang GF, Lu GM, Wu S, Zhang LJ. Metab Brain Dis. 2014 Dec 17. [Epub ahead of print]


  34. Efficacy and Tolerability of Rifaximin in Combination With Lactulose in End-stage Liver Disease Patients With MELD Greater Than 20: A Single Center Experience
    Mantry PS1, Mehta A2, Graydon R2. Transplant Proc. 2014 Dec;46(10):3481-6. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2014.10.021.


  35. Is There a Role for Probiotics in Liver Disease?
    Lo RS, Austin AS, Freeman JG. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:874768. Epub 2014 Nov 11.


  36. Covert hepatic encephalopathy: Agreement and predictive validity of different indices
    Montagnese S, Balistreri E, Schiff S, De Rui M, Angeli P, Zanus G, Cillo U, Bombonato G, Bolognesi M, Sacerdoti D, Gatta A, Merkel C, Amodio P. World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Nov 14;20(42):15756-62. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i42.15756.


  37. Rifaximin: a review of its use in reducing recurrence of overt hepatic encephalopathy episodes
    Scott LJ. Drugs. 2014 Dec;74(18):2153-60. doi: 10.1007/s40265-014-0300-y.


  38. Prolonged remission from hepatic encephalopathy with rifaximin: results of a placebo crossover analysis
    Bajaj JS1, Barrett AC, Bortey E, Paterson C, Forbes WP. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2014 Oct 22. doi: 10.1111/apt.12993. [Epub ahead of print]


  39. Rifaximin: A Review of Its Use in Reducing Recurrence of Overt Hepatic Encephalopathy Episodes
    Scott LJ. Drugs. 2014 Oct 29. [Epub ahead of print]


  40. Prolonged remission from hepatic encephalopathy with rifaximin: results of a placebo crossover analysis
    Bajaj JS1, Barrett AC, Bortey E, Paterson C, Forbes WP. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2014 Oct 22. doi: 10.1111/apt.12993. [Epub ahead of print]


  41. FOUR Score, a Reliable Score for Assessing Overt Hepatic Encephalopathy in Cirrhotic Patients
    Mouri S1, Tripon S, Rudler M, Mallet M, Mayaux J, Thabut D, Weiss N. Neurocrit Care. 2014 Oct 21. [Epub ahead of print]


  42. MELD score and antibiotics use are predictors of length of stay in patients hospitalized with hepatic encephalopathy
    Martel-Laferrière V1, Homberger C, Bichoupan K, Dieterich DT. BMC Gastroenterol. 2014 Oct 17;14(1):185. doi: 10.1186/1471-230X-14-185.


  43. THDP17 Decreases Ammonia Production through Glutaminase Inhibition. A New Drug for Hepatic Encephalopathy Therapy
    Díaz-Herrero MM1, Del Campo JA2, Carbonero-Aguilar P1, Vega-Pérez JM3, Iglesias-Guerra F3, Periñán I3, Miñano FJ4, Bautista J1, Romero-Gómez M2. PLoS One. 2014 Oct 17;9(10):e109787. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109787. eCollection 2014.


  44. Effect of probiotic VSL#3 in the treatment of minimal hepatic encephalopathy- a non-inferiority randomized controlled trial
    Pratap Mouli V1, Benjamin J, Bhushan Singh M, Mani K, Garg SK, Saraya A, Joshi YK. Hepatol Res. 2014 Sep 29. doi: 10.1111/hepr.12429. [Epub ahead of print]


  45. Reestablishing brain networks in patients without overt hepatic encephalopathy after liver transplantation
    Lin WC1, Hsu TW2, Chen CL3, Lu CH4, Chen HL5, Cheng YF1, Lin CP6. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2014 Sep 17. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2014.143. [Epub ahead of print]


  46. Management of Complications of End-Stage Liver Disease in the Intensive Care Unit
    DellaVolpe JD1, Garavaglia JM2, Huang DT3. J Intensive Care Med. 2014 Sep 15. pii: 0885066614551144. [Epub ahead of print]


  47. Ammonia and amino acid profiles in liver cirrhosis: Effects of variables leading to hepatic encephalopathy
    Holecek M. Nutrition. 2014 Mar 30. pii: S0899-9007(14)00150-6. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2014.03.016. [Epub ahead of print]


  48. Hepatic encephalopathy in patients with acute decompensation of cirrhosis and acute on chronic liver failure
    Romero-Gómez M1, Montagnese S2, Jalan R3. J Hepatol. 2014 Sep 9. pii: S0168-8278(14)00646-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2014.09.005. [Epub ahead of print]


  49. Non invasive blood flow measurement in cerebellum detects minimal hepatic encephalopathy earlier than psychometric tests
    Felipo V, Urios A, Giménez-Garzó C, Cauli O, Andrés-Costa MJ, González O, Serra MA, Sánchez-González J, Aliaga R, Giner-Durán R, Belloch V, Montoliu C. World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Sep 7;20(33):11815-25. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i33.11815.


  50. Covert Hepatic Encephalopathy Is Independently Associated With Poor Survival and Increased Risk of Hospitalization
    Patidar KR1, Thacker LR2, Wade JB3, Sterling RK1, Sanyal AJ1, Siddiqui MS1, Matherly SC1, Stravitz RT1, Puri P1, Luketic VA1, Fuchs M1, White MB1, Noble NA1, Unser AB1, Gilles H1, Heuman DM1, Bajaj JS1. Am J Gastroenterol. 2014 Sep 2. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2014.264. [Epub ahead of print]


  51. Concise review of current concepts on nomenclature and pathophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy
    Savlan I1, Liakina V2, Valantinas J3. Medicina (Kaunas). 2014;50(2):75-81. doi: 10.1016/j.medici.2014.06.008. Epub 2014 Jun 27.


  52. Effect of rifaximin, probiotics, and l-ornithine l-aspartate on minimal hepatic encephalopathy: A randomized controlled trial
    Sharma K1, Pant S, Misra S, Dwivedi M, Misra A, Narang S, Tewari R, Bhadoria AS. Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2014 Jul-Aug;20(4):225-32. doi: 10.4103/1319-3767.136975.


  53. Confounders in the detection of minimal hepatic encephalopathy: a neuropsychological and quantified EEG study
    Campagna F1, Montagnese S, Schiff S, Ruzzoli M, Biancardi A, Iannizzi P, Pujatti PL, Angeli P, Gatta A, Merkel C, Leandro G, Mapelli D, Amodio P. Liver Int. 2014 Jul 9. doi: 10.1111/liv.12635. [Epub ahead of print]


  54. Disrupted small world networks in patients without overt hepatic encephalopathy: A resting state fMRI study
    Zhang LJ1, Zheng G2, Zhang L3, Zhong J4, Li Q3, Zhao TZ2, Lu GM5. Eur J Radiol. 2014 Jul 2. pii: S0720-048X(14)00337-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2014.06.019. [Epub ahead of print]


  55. Brain oscillatory activity during sleep shows unknown dysfunctions in early encephalopathy
    Martino ME1, Fernández-Lorente J, Romero-Vives M, Bárcena R, Gaztelu JM. J Physiol Biochem. 2014 Jul 30. [Epub ahead of print]


  56. Effects of probiotic therapy on hepatic encephalopathy in patients with liver cirrhosis: an updated meta-analysis of six randomized controlled trials
    Xu J1, Ma R, Chen LF, Zhao LJ, Chen K, Zhang RB. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2014 Aug;13(4):354-60.


  57. Correction of Hyponatremia Improves Cognition, Quality of Life, and Brain Edema in Cirrhosis
    Ahluwalia V1, Heuman DM2, Feldman G3, Wade JB4, Thacker LR5, Gavis E2, Gilles H2, Unser A2, White MB2, Bajaj JS6. J Hepatol. 2014 Aug 8. pii: S0168-8278(14)00537-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2014.07.033. [Epub ahead of print]


  58. Challenges in Diagnosing Hepatic Encephalopathy
    Weissenborn K. Neurochem Res. 2014 Aug 21. [Epub ahead of print]


  59. Validation of EncephalApp, Smartphone-based Stroop Test, for the Diagnosis of Covert Hepatic Encephalopathy.
    Bajaj JS1, Heuman DM2, Sterling RK2, Sanyal AJ2, Siddiqui M2, Matherly S2, Luketic V2, Stravitz RT2, Fuchs M2, Thacker LR3, Gilles H2, White MB2, Unser A2, Hovermale J2, Gavis E2, Noble NA2, Wade JB4.


  60. Hepatic encephalopathy: how to test and treat
    Rahimi RS1, Rockey DC. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2014 May;30(3):265-71. doi: 10.1097/MOG.0000000000000066.


  61. Brain magnetic resonance in hepatic encephalopathy
    Alonso J1, Córdoba J2, Rovira A3. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2014 Apr;35(2):136-52. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2013.09.008.


  62. Sodium benzoate for treatment of hepatic encephalopathy
    Misel ML, Gish RG, Patton H, Mendler M. Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y). 2013 Apr;9(4):219-27.


  63. Survival in infection-related acute-on-chronic liver failure is defined by extra-hepatic organ failures
    Bajaj JS1, O'Leary JG, Reddy KR, Wong F, Biggins SW, Patton H, Fallon MB, Garcia-Tsao G, Maliakkal B, Malik R, Subramanian RM, Thacker LR, Kamath PS; on behalf of NACSELD. Hepatology. 2014 Feb 20. doi: 10.1002/hep.27077. [Epub ahead of print]


  64. Cerebral Hemodynamics In Cirrhotic Patients With Hepatic Encephalopathy
    Macías-Rodríguez RU1, Duarte-Rojo A, Cantú-Brito C, Sauerbruch T, Ruiz-Margáin A, Trebicka J, Green-Gómez M, Díaz Ramírez JB, Sierra Beltrán M, Uribe-Esquivel M, Torre A. Liver Int. 2014 Apr 1. doi: 10.1111/liv.12557. [Epub ahead of print]


  65. Management of hyponatremia in clinical hepatology practice
    Kwo PY. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2014 May;16(5):382. doi: 10.1007/s11894-014-0382-4.


  66. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation in adults with cirrhosis and porto-systemic encephalopathy: Systematic review
    Metcalfe EL1, Avenell A2, Fraser A3. Clin Nutr. 2014 Mar 6. pii: S0261-5614(14)00073-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2014.02.011. [Epub ahead of print]


  67. TIPS improves liver transplantation-free survival in cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites: An updated meta-analysis
    Bai M, Qi XS, Yang ZP, Yang M, Fan DM, Han GH. World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Mar 14;20(10):2704-2714.


  68. Optimal treatment of hepatic encephalopathy
    Waghray A1, Waghray N, Kanna S, Mullen K. Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol. 2014 Mar;60(1):55-70.


  69. Treatment Options for Covert Hepatic Encephalopathy
    Waghray N1, Waghray A, Mullen K. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol. 2014 Mar 13. [Epub ahead of print]


  70. Pre-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) prediction of post-TIPS overt hepatic encephalopathy: the critical flicker frequency is more accurate than psychometric tests
    Berlioux P, Robic MA, Poirson H, Métivier S, Otal P, Barret C, Lopez F, Péron JM, Vinel JP, Bureau C. Hepatology. 2014 Feb;59(2):622-9.


  71. Asterixis: a study of 103 patients
    Pal G1, Lin MM, Laureno R. Metab Brain Dis. 2014 Mar 7. [Epub ahead of print]


  72. Enhancement of functional connectivity, working memory and inhibitory control on multi-modal brain MR imaging with Rifaximin in Cirrhosis: Implications for the gut-liver-brain axis
    Ahluwalia V1, Wade JB, Heuman DM, Hammeke TA, Sanyal AJ, Sterling RK, Stravitz RT, Luketic V, Siddiqui MS, Puri P, Fuchs M, Lennon MJ, Kraft KA, Gilles H, White MB, Noble NA, Bajaj JS. Metab Brain Dis. 2014 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print]


  73. Does H. pylori Eradication Therapy Benefit Patients With Hepatic Encephalopathy?: Systematic Review
    Schulz C1, Schütte K, Malfertheiner P. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2014 Feb 27. [Epub ahead of print]


  74. Direct acting inhibitors of ammoniagenesis: a role in post-TIPS encephalopathy?
    Ahuja NK, Ally WA, Caldwell SH. Ann Hepatol. 2014 Mar-Apr;13(2):179-86.


  75. Bacterial Infections in Cirrhosis. A Position Statement based on the EASL Special Conference 2013
    Jalan R1, Fernandez J2, Wiest R3, Schnabl B4, Moreau R5, Angeli P6, Stadlbauer V7, Thierry Gustot T8, Bernardi M9, Canton R10, Agustin Albillos A11, Lammert F12, Wilmer A13, Mookerjee R1, Vila J14, Garcia-Martinez R2, Wendon J15, Such J16, Cordoba J17, Sanyal A18, Garcia-Tsao G19, Arroyo V2, Burroughs A20, Ginès P21. J Hepatol. 2014 Feb 11. pii: S0168-8278(14)00097-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2014.01.024. [Epub ahead of print]


  76. Analgesia for the Cirrhotic Patient: A Literature Review and Recommendations
    Dwyer JP1, Jayasekera C, Nicoll A. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Feb 18. doi: 10.1111/jgh.12560. [Epub ahead of print]


  77. Effects of hyperammonemia on brain energy metabolism: controversial findings in vivo and in vitro
    Schousboe A1, Waagepetersen HS, Leke R, Bak LK. Metab Brain Dis. 2014 Mar 1. [Epub ahead of print]


  78. Rifaximin is Safe and Well Tolerated for Long-Term Maintenance of Remission From Overt Hepatic Encephalopathy
    Mullen KD1, Sanyal AJ2, Bass NM3, Poordad FF4, Sheikh MY5, Frederick RT6, Bortey E7, Forbes WP7. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Dec 21. pii: S1542-3565(13)01968-X. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.12.021. [Epub ahead of print]


  79. Role of Magnetic Resonance Elastography in compensated and decompensated liver disease
    Asrani SK1, Talwalkar JA2, Kamath PS3, Shah VH4, Saracino G5, Jennings L6, Gross JB7, Venkatesh S8, Ehman RL9. J Hepatol. 2013 Dec 19. pii: S0168-8278(13)00884-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2013.12.016. [Epub ahead of print]


  80. The Cirrhosis Dysbiosis Ratio defines Changes in the Gut Microbiome Associated with Cirrhosis and its Complications
    Bajaj JS1, Heuman DM2, Hylemon PB3, Sanyal AJ2, White MB2, Monteith P2, Noble NA2, Unser AB2, Daita K3, Fisher AR4, Sikaroodi M4, Gillevet PM4. J Hepatol. 2013 Dec 24. pii: S0168-8278(13)00887-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2013.12.019. [Epub ahead of print]


  81. Diagnosis of Covert Hepatic Encephalopathy Without Specialized Tests
    Nabi E1, Thacker LR2, Wade JB3, Sterling RK1, Stravitz RT1, Fuchs M1, Heuman DM1, Bouneva I1, Sanyal AJ1, Siddiqui MS1, Luketic V1, White MB1, Monteith P1, Noble NA1, Unser A1, Bajaj JS4. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Dec 19. pii: S1542-3565(13)01966-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.12.020. [Epub ahead of print]


  82. Useful tests for hepatic encephalopathy in clinical practice
    Nabi E, Bajaj JS. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2014 Jan;16(1):362. doi: 10.1007/s11894-013-0362-0.


  83. Microglial proliferation in the brain of chronic alcoholics with hepatic encephalopathy
    Dennis CV, Sheahan PJ, Graeber MB, Sheedy DL, Kril JJ, Sutherland GT. Metab Brain Dis. 2013 Dec 19. [Epub ahead of print]


  84. Staging chronic hepatitis C in seven categories using fibrosis biomarker (FibroTest™) and transient elastography (FibroScan®)
    Poynard T1, Vergniol J2, Ngo Y3, Foucher J2, Munteanu M3, Merrouche W2, Colombo M4, Thibault V5, Schiff E6, Brass CA7, Albrecht JK7, Rudler M8, Deckmyn O3, Lebray P8, Thabut D8, Ratziu V8, de Ledinghen V2; FibroFrance Study Group; Epic3 Study Group; Bordeaux HCV Study Group. J Hepatol. 2013 Nov 26. pii: S0168-8278(13)00817-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2013.11.016. [Epub ahead of print]


  85. Management of End-stage Liver Disease
    Liou IW. Med Clin North Am. 2014 Jan;98(1):119-52. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2013.09.006. Epub 2013 Oct 30.


  86. Branched-chain amino acids in liver diseases
    Tajiri K, Shimizu Y. World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Nov 21;19(43):7620-9. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i43.7620.


  87. Treatment of hyperammonemia in liver failure
    Jover-Cobos M, Khetan V, Jalan R. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2014 Jan;17(1):105-10. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000012.


  88. Impact of Pretransplant Hepatic Encephalopathy on Liver Posttransplantation Outcomes
    Teperman LW. Int J Hepatol. 2013;2013:952828. Epub 2013 Nov13.


  89. Increased toll-like receptor 4 in cerebral endothelial cells contributes to the astrocyte swelling and brain edema in acute hepatic encephalopathy
    Jayakumar AR, Tong XY, Curtis KM, Ruiz-Cordero R, Abreu MT, Norenberg MD. J Neurochem. 2013 Nov 1. doi: 10.1111/jnc.12516. [Epub ahead of print]


  90. Probiotics Prevent Hepatic Encephalopathy in Patients with Cirrhosis: a Randomized Controlled Trial
    Lunia MK, Chander Sharma B, Sharma P, Sachdeva S, Srivastava S. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Nov 15. pii: S1542-3565(13)01743-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.11.006. [Epub ahead of print]


  91. Recent insights into the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy and treatments
    Sturgeon JP, Shawcross DL. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print]


  92. Diffusion-weighted imaging in acute hyperammonemic encephalopathy
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  183. Disrupted Functional Connectivity of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Cirrhotic Patients without Overt Hepatic Encephalopathy: A Resting State fMRI Study
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  184. Clinical Manifestations and Treatment Options in Patients with Cirrhosis and Diabetes Mellitus
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  186. Lactulose, rifaximin or branched chain amino acids for hepatic encephalopathy: what is the evidence?
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  187. Glutamine in the Pathogenesis of Hepatic Encephalopathy: The Trojan Horse Hypothesis Revisited
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  188. Comparison of the most favoured methods for the diagnosis of hepatic encephalopathy in liver transplantation candidates
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  189. Depression, anxiety and alexithymia symptoms are major determinants of health related quality of life (HRQoL) in cirrhotic patients
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  191. Meta-analysis: the diagnostic accuracy of critical flicker frequency in minimal hepatic encephalopathy
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  195. Changes in expression of the chloride homeostasis-regulating genes, KCC2 and NKCC1, in the blood of cirrhotic patients with hepatic encephalopathy
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  196. Muscle depletion increases the risk of overt and minimal hepatic encephalopathy: results of a prospective study
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