a University of Hawaii at Manoa , John A. Burns School of Medicine , Hawaii Center for AIDS , Honolulu , HI , USA.
The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine cognitive functioning in inmates with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and to investigate relationships among performance on the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status-Form A (RBANS; Randolph, 1998 ). Data from 43 HCV+ inmates were reviewed retrospectively and compared with a sample of HCV- inmates. Significant differences were found on two of five indices (Attention: U = 537.5, p = .003; r = -.32; Total: U = 643.0, p = .048; r = -.22) and four subtests: Coding (U = 326.0, p <.001, r = -.53), Digit Span (U = 634.0, p = .038, r = -.22), Story Memory (U = 625.5, p = .032, r = -.24), and Story Recall (U = 548.5, p = .004, r = -.31), with the HCV group scoring lower on all significant measures. In this study the RBANS proved to be an efficient measure with clinical utility among an HCV population. Within this incarcerated population patterns of performance were "typical" of current literature, with impaired attention appearing earlier in the disease process, and the study invites further exploration into proposed cognitive deficits among this population where HCV is highly prevalent.