Department of General Internal Medicine, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.
BACKGROUND & AIMS:
Recent studies have suggested that insulin resistance exerts a strong influence on chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We analyzed pretreatment factors useful for predicting sustained virological response (SVR), especially interleukin (IL) 28B polymorphism and Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR).
This cohort study consisted of 328 chronic hepatitis C patients with HCV genotype 1 who were treated for 48weeks with pegylated interferon (PegIFN) α-2b and ribavirin (RBV). Genotyping of the polymorphisms in the IL28B gene region (rs8099917) on chromosome 19 was performed on DNA collected from each patient.
No significant difference in IL28B genotype distribution was found according to HOMA-IR. Multivariate analysis identified the IL28B TT genotype (OR=5.97, 95% CI 2.15-16.55, p=0.0006) and the baseline HOMA-IR (OR=0.65, 95% CI 0.48-0.87, p=0.0044) as significant, independent pretreatment predictors of SVR. Receiver operating characteristic analyses to determine the optimal threshold values of HOMA-IR for predicting SVR showed that the areas under the curve (AUC) were high for both IL28B TT (AUC=0.774, HOMA-IR cut-off value: 2.45) and IL28B TG/GG genotypes (AUC=0.772, HOMA-IR cut-off value: 1.55).
For HCV genotype 1, both IL28B and baseline HOMA-IR are independent pretreatment predictors of SVR in patients treated with PegIFNα-2b and RBV. Insulin resistance undermines the advantages of IL28B polymorphism to obtain SVR.