Source Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, St Vincent's Hospital, 41 Victoria Parade, Fitzroy 3065, Victoria, Australia.
The current standard of care for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Unfortunately, treatment cures at best only 40% to 50% of patients infected with genotype 1 HCV, the most common HCV genotype in Western countries. Treatment is also expensive and is often poorly tolerated. Therefore, the identification of patients most likely to benefit from treatment is clinically important. Genome-wide association studies have recently identified genetic variants, most notably IL28B and ITPA, which will enhance the ability of clinicians to personalize antiviral therapy for HCV infection.