Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX Liver Institute of Virginia, Bon Secours Health System, Newport News, VA Moscow Medical Academy State Postgraduate Medical Institute, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia Medical University of Silesia, Chorzów, Poland Fundacion de Investigación De Diego Santurce, Santurce, PR Botucatu School of Medicine, Botucatu Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil IST GmbH, Mannheim, Germany Roche, Nutley, NJ Roche, Welwyn, UK Roche, Basel, Switzerland University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
BACKGROUND AND GOAL:
Patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) with elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels achieve higher sustained virologic response (SVR) rates after peginterferon (PegIFN)/ribavirin treatment versus patients with lower LDL. Our aim was to determine whether SVR rates in patients with low/elevated LDL can be improved by dose intensification.
In PROGRESS, genotype 1 patients with baseline HCV RNA≥400,000 IU/mL and body weight ≥85 kg were randomized to 48 weeks of 180 µg/wk PegIFN α-2a (40 kDa) plus ribavirin (A: 1200 mg/d; B: 1400/1600 mg/d) or 12 weeks of 360 µg/wk PegIFN α-2a followed by 36 weeks of 180 µg/wk, plus ribavirin (C: 1200 mg/d; D: 1400/1600 mg/d). This retrospective analysis assessed SVR rates among patients with low (<100 mg/dL) or elevated (≥100 mg/dL) LDL. Patients with high LDL (n=256) had higher baseline HCV RNA (5.86×10 IU/mL) versus patients with low LDL (n=262; 4.02×10 IU/mL; P=0.0003).
Multiple logistic regression analysis identified a significant interaction between PegIFN α-2a dose and LDL levels on SVR (P=0.0193). The only treatment-related SVR predictor in the nested multiple logistic regression was PegIFN α-2a dose among patients with elevated LDL (P=0.0074); therefore, data from the standard (A+B) and induction (C+D) dose arms were pooled. Among patients with low LDL, SVR rates were 40% and 35% in the standard and induction-dose groups, respectively; SVR rates in patients with high LDL were 44% and 60% (P=0.014), respectively.
Intensified dosing of PegIFN α-2a increases SVR rates in patients with elevated LDL even with the difficult-to-cure characteristics of genotype 1, high baseline viral load, and high body weight.