Liver Transplantation Unit, Bonsucesso General Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Medical Science Post-Graduation Program, Fluminense Federal University, Brazil. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:
Survival rates after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have significantly increased after Milan criteria and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score implementation. However, few studies have reported this survival in countries with organ donor shortages over a period of 10 years and long waiting lists.
This retrospective analysis of clinical data from 93 consecutive HCC patients who underwent OLT from June 2001 to September 2011 excluded 22 who underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Seventy-one deceased donor liver transplantations (DDLT) were evaluated before and after the MELD era. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to plot survival rates. The follow-up was 2 months to 10 years.
The overall survival and recurrence rates at 10 years were 67% and 12.2%, respectively. After MELD, patient survival at 5 years decreased from 70% to 64% and the recurrence rate decreased from 15.3% to 12.5%. The most frequent recurrence sites were lung and liver.
In our center MELD score implementation had a small impact on long-term survival post OLT for HCC.