AIM: The indication for hepatectomy is still controversial in elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We examined the clinicopathological features and survival of 188 HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy.
PATIENTS/METHODS: Patients were divided into four age groups: Age(<50) group (young patients <50 years of age, n = 9), Age(50-69) group (between 50-69 years, n = 110), Age(70-79) group (70-79 years, n = 57), and Age(≥80) group (≥80 years, n = 12). Physiologic ability and surgical stress (E-PASS) score, including preoperative risk score (PRS), surgical stress score (SSS), and comprehensive risk score (CRS) were assessed.
RESULTS: Proportion of patients of Age(70-79) and Age(≥80) groups increased significantly in the last 5 years (P < 0.01). Co-morbidity, performance status, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score significantly increased with age (P < 0.05). Proportions of patients with irregular findings and necro-inflammatory activity were significantly lower in Age(70-79) and Age(≥80) groups than in other groups (P < 0.05). Systemic postoperative complications were high in Age(70-79) and Age(≥80) groups. PRS increased significantly with age (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis identified PRS ≥0.32 and age ≥70 years as significant determinants of systemic complications (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in postoperative survivals among the groups.