Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Hebei Medical University , Zhongshan East Road 361#, Shi Jiazhuang 050017 , China.
Abstract Purpose. Owing to inconsistent observations in the literature of an association between HLA-DP polymorphisms (rs3077 and rs9277535) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and spontaneous clearance, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive and reliable understanding of this subject. This meta-analysis was performed to quantitatively summarise the evidence for the relevance of these HLA-DP polymorphisms to HBV infection and spontaneous clearance. Methods. A meta-analysis was conducted with the data from eight relevant papers published from April 2009 to March 2012, following strict selection. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for alleles, co-dominant, dominant and recessive genotype models of the rs3077 and rs9277535 loci. Results. Our analysis indicated a significant association of rs3077 and rs9277535 in HLA-DP with HBV infection, suggesting that these HLA-DP polymorphisms act beneficially against HBV infection (for rs3077, AG vs. GG: OR = 0.522, 95% CI = 0.485-0.561; AA vs. GG: OR = 0.350, 95% CI = 0.311-0.393; for rs9277535, AG vs. GG: OR = 0.542, 95% CI = 0.506-0.579; AA vs. GG: OR = 0.371, 95% CI = 0.336-0.409). Additionally, these HLA-DP polymorphisms served as protective factors in the spontaneous clearance of HBV (for rs3077, AG vs. GG: OR = 0.600, 95% CI = 0.464-0.775; AA vs. GG: OR = 0.420, 95% CI = 0.299-0.590; for rs9277535, AG vs. GG: OR = 0.623, 95% CI = 0.570-0.681 and AA vs. GG: OR = 0.464, 95% CI = 0.386-0.556) with similar results for both dominant and recessive genotype models. Conclusions. Our results demonstrated that the rs3077 and rs9277535 HLA-DP polymorphisms reduced HBV infection and increased the likelihood of spontaneous viral clearance in some Asian populations.