Department of Radiology, National University Health System, 5, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore, Singapore, firstname.lastname@example.org.
We measured the accuracy of magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) for the detection and staging of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and compared it with serum fibrosis markers.
Prospective comparison of MRE and routine serum fibrosis markers, namely serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), ALT/AST ratio (AAR), AST to platelet ratio index (APRI) and prothrombin index (PI), was performed in 63 consecutive CHB patients who underwent MRE and histological confirmation of liver fibrosis within a 6-month interval. Diagnostic performance of MRE and serum markers for staging fibrosis (≥F1), significant fibrosis (≥F2), advanced fibrosis (≥F3) and cirrhosis (F4) was compared.
The study group comprised 63 patients (19 female; mean age ± SD, 50 ± 11.9 years). MRE (ρ = 0.94, P < 0.0001), APRI (ρ = 0.42, P = 0.0006), PI (ρ = 0.42, P = 0.0006) and AST (ρ = 0.28, P = 0.028) results correlated significantly with fibrosis stage. MRE was significantly more accurate than serum fibrosis markers for the detection of significant fibrosis (0.99 vs. 0.55-0.73) and cirrhosis (0.98 vs. 0.53-0.77). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive and negative predictive values for MRE for significant fibrosis and cirrhosis were 97.4 %, 100 %, 100 % and 96 %, and 100 %, 95.2 %, 91.3 % and 100 %, respectively.
MRE is an accurate non-invasive technique for the detection and staging of liver fibrosis in CHB.