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Posttransplantation Hepatitis B Prophylaxis with Combination Oral Nucleoside and Nucleotide Analog Therapy
Saab S, Desai S, Tsaoi D, Durazo F, Han S, McClune A, Holt C, Farmer D, Goldstein L, Busuttil RW. Am J Transplant. 2011 Feb 7. [Epub ahead of print]
Liver transplant recipients are at risk of developing recurrent hepatitis B after liver transplantation for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver disease. We evaluated the efficacy of a new hepatitis B prophylaxis regimen involving conversion from at least 12 months of HBIg with lamivudine to combination therapy with an oral nucleoside and nucleotide analog. Between June 2008 and May 2010, a total of 61 liver transplant recipients were converted to a combination of a nucleoside and nucleotide analog. The mean (±standard deviation) follow-up time after conversion was 15.0 (±6.1) months. Recurrent HBV occurred in two (3.3%) patients at 3.1 and 16.6 months after HBIg cessation. The overall person time incidence rate for HBV recurrence after HBIg cessation was 2.7 cases per 100 person-years. The estimate of HBV recurrence was 1.7% at 1 year after HBIg cessation. HBIg cessation a minimum of 12 months after liver transplantation with subsequent combination therapy with a nucleoside and nucleotide analog provides effective prophylaxis against recurrent HBV infection. The clinical implications of HBsAg detection without clinical, biochemical or molecular manifestations of recurrent hepatitis B require further study.