Department of Gastroenterology, Ren-Ai Branch, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Psychology, National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan.
Baseline and on-treatment hepatitis B viral factors are reported to affect treatment responses. A lower baseline hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level is a strong predictor of the response to antiviral therapy. HBV genotype A/B patients have better respoanses to interferon-based therapy than those with genotypes C/D. Regarding the association of HBV mutants with responses to antiviral therapy, current evidence is limited. On-treatment viral suppression is the most important predictor of response to nucleoside analogs. On-treatment hepatitis B surface antigen decline is significantly associated with response to pegylated interferon. In the future, individualized therapy should be based on treatment efficacy, adverse effects, baseline and on-treatment predictors of antiviral therapy.