Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine Pharmacy, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine , Zhejiang 310003 , China .
Abstract The immature platelet fraction (IPF) measures the number of reticulated platelets in peripheral blood, and can be used to help determine if thrombocytopenia is secondary to low-platelet production or increased platelet turnover. The aim of this study was to determine whether abnormalities in the IPF were associated with thrombocytopenia in patients with hepatitis B virus-related chronic hepatitis (CHB). One hundred fifty-six patients with chronic hepatitis B, including 80 thrombocytopenia, 76 without thrombocytopenia, and 48 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. The IPF percentages (IPF%) were measured using a XE-2100 multiparameter automatic hematology analyzer. We demonstrated that in the thrombocytopenic group, the IPF% was significantly increased compared with that in healthy controls and the non-thrombocytopenic group (both p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that IPF%, splenomegaly, and the model for end-stage liver disease score were independent predictors for thrombocytopenia (both p < 0.001). High IPF% during the course of thrombocytopenia suggests that platelet destruction/sequestration due to hypersplenism is a major factor contributing to thrombocytopenia in patients with CHB.