aDepartment of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Medical Faculty, Bezmialem Vakif University bDivision of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology cDivision of Internal Diseases dDivision of Pathology, Ministry of Health, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
We aimed to determine whether mean platelet volume (MPV) is one of the variables that determine the severity of liver fibrosis and inflammation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection were divided into two groups: patients with fibrosis scores of 0-3 and 4-6 and patients with histologic activity index scores of 0-9 and 10-18 (according to the Ishak Scoring System). The independent variables determining the severity of liver fibrosis and inflammation were investigated.
Two hundred and thirty-eight patients were included in this retrospective study. The fibrosis scores of 29 patients (12.2%) were higher than 3. The independent variables that determined the severity of the fibrosis score were a high level of serum γ-glutamyl transferase and a low blood platelet count (odds ratio and P values were 1.016 and 0.004 for γ-glutamyl transferase, and 0.986 and 0.002 for blood platelet count). The histologic activity indexes of 38 patients (16%) were higher than 9. The independent variables determining the severity of liver inflammation were serum HBV DNA, γ-glutamyl transferase, and globulin levels and the MPV [odds ratio and P values were, respectively, 0.1001 and 0.046 for HBV DNA (×10); 1.016 and 0.004 for γ-glutamyl transferase; 2.247 and 0.039 for globulin; and 1.488 and 0.004 for the MPV]. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the model predicting the severity of liver inflammation were 60.5, 83, 40.3, and 91.7%, respectively (area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve=0.775, P=0.0001).
MPV may provide useful information to predict the degree of liver inflammation along with other markers.